Screening for lung or breast cancer saves lives, but it can also be associated with high false positives, overdiagnosis and subsequent unnecessary interventions.
The complexity of whether, when, and how often to screen for these cancers has led to recommendations—and in the case of lung cancer, a mandate from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services—that clinicians and patients participate in shared decision making (SDM) before cancer screening takes place.
In SDM, patients and clinicians share the best available evidence when making medical decisions, and clinicians support patients as they express their values and preferences in regard to those decisions.
To help clinicians use SDM efficiently for lung and breast cancer screening, UW Department of Family Medicine and Community Health Professor (CHS) Sarina Schrager, MD, is leading a UW Health Innovations Grant that provides training in SDM techniques using a decision aid built into the electronic health record.
Download a free related resource from HIPxChange:
Breast Cancer Screening Shared Decision Making Toolkit
Choice, Option and Decision Talk
Dr. Schrager and colleagues first created a training curriculum comprising slides, handouts and group activities. It was launched at the DFMCH’s Faculty Development Day on May 2, 2018, and will be offered in other departments later in 2018.
The training introduces the three essential communication elements of SDM:
- Choice talk, which invites the patient to a choice and explains that decisions will be made together;
- Option talk, which provides pros and cons, uses the embedded decision aid tool and checks patient understanding; and
- Decision talk, which elicits patient preferences and arranges next steps.
The team also developed a set of training videos that demonstrate three potential SDM scenarios in cancer screening:
- Fixed Opinion, or “My Mind is Made Up”: for lung cancer screening and breast cancer screening
- Doctor Knows Best, or “Tell Me What to Do”: for lung cancer screening and breast cancer screening
- Open to Options, or “Let’s Talk About It”: for lung cancer screening and breast cancer screening
Fixed Opinion, or “My Mind is Made Up”
Doctor Knows Best, or “Tell Me What to Do”
Open to Options, or “Let’s Talk About It”
The team is now recruiting clinician and patient stakeholders to evaluate the curriculum and offer recommendations for improvement.
It will then pilot a process for training clinicians at UW Health primary care clinics to implement SDM for cancer screening, and ultimately roll the process out system wide.
Research shows that shared decision making increases the accuracy of patients’ perception of disease risk and the likelihood of them choosing a screening option in line with their values.
“Our patients cannot properly consider their options if a clear discussion around them doesn’t occur,” Dr. Schrager explained. “Shared decision making results in greater trust between patients and clinicians, and increased patient and clinician satisfaction. Having a tool in the electronic health record that’s focused on cancer screening—and a process to use it in a visit—will make the clinician’s job easier.”
Published: July 2018